Description of significant impacts of activities, products and services on biodiversity in protected areas and areas of high biodiversity value outside protected areas

We feel that applying the hierarchy of mitigation of potential impacts on biodiversity is essential. Repsol was the first Oil & Gas company to apply the IPIECA BES Management Ladder methodology, which is used to analyze the current situation of existing Exploration and Production assets and identify the next steps to be taken. This methodology is based on a study of the following areas: Integration of biodiversity and ecosystem services in management of the business, involvement of stakeholders, construction of a biodiversity baseline, identification and management of potential impacts and selection of indicators.

In this respect, one of the papers presented at the SPE environment, safety and security conference (www.spe.org/events/hse/2016) concerns the analysis of the IPIECA BES Management Ladder and its implementation in our exploration and production activities, along with a clear case study of the application of best practices.

In the Exploration and Production business, potential impacts may occur throughout the life cycle of our activities. In order to carry out an assessment of these, we identify both direct impacts (e.g. disturbance to wildlife, fragmentation of habitats, alterations to the countryside and the water table, contamination of soils and water resources) and indirect impacts (e.g. impacts associated with opening access routes in remote areas, the accidental introduction of invasive species, or changes to the local socioeconomic structure), as these could also pose a threat to biodiversity.